Professional Dental Cleaning, also known as Scaling, is the process whereby accumulated build-up of plaque, calculus and food debris is removed from areas around the teeth which cannot easily be cleaned with the help of a toothbrush. Interdental areas, and those near the gum line are most susceptible to plaque and bacterial build-ups because these areas frequently get neglected during daily cleaning.
Plaque, which is soft, hardens overtime to form a stone-like substance known as calculus. This calculus can only be removed by Scaling. If allowed to accumulate, it can lead to a number of periodontal conditions, most commonly Gingivitis and Periodontitis, characterized by the following symptoms:
- Frequent bleeding of gums, especially while brushing
- Gingival Inflammation or swelling
- Redness of the gums
- Pain and discomfort
- Halitosis, or bad breath
- Formation of interdental pockets (gaps between the teeth and the gums)
- Gum recession
- Mobility of the teeth
- Early loss of teeth
Scaling is done with the help of a mechanical hand-piece fitted with a scaler, or a specialized tip, which when vibrates at high speeds, can effectively remove calculus from every exposed surface of the tooth and from below the gum. Once the calculus has been removed, the symptoms gradually disappear and the gums regain their health.
Dental surgeons advise patients to get their Scaling done at least twice a year to ensure optimal cleaning, and prevention of many dental and periodontal infections. The procedure is relatively painless, non-invasive and can be completed during a single visit. Patients may experience mild to moderate dental sensitivity following the treatment, but it is normal, and subsides without medication within a week.
If you are experiencing gum-related problems or are worried about bleeding during brushing, get in touch with our team at Jester Village Dental today to learn more about Scaling and at-home cleaning techniques.